The political status in Hungary
Hungary has closed its borders to non-residents from 1 September to stymie the spread of COVID-19. Gergely Gulyás, Viktor Orbán’s cabinet chief, said during a press release that foreign citizens will no longer be allowed to enter the territory of Hungary and that Hungarian citizens returning from abroad must quarantine for 14 days or must present two negative tests, which they must pay for themselves. The decision drew some criticism from the European Union and the European Commission warned that border closure is not an efficient measure to fight the pandemic.
In the past weeks, opposition parties have openly accused Orbán of steering Hungary toward authoritarianism and away from mainstream democratic and European Union values. Orbán has won three consecutive landslides since 2010, partly due to election rule changes he oversaw. For this reason, six main opposition parties will form an alliance for the 2022 election and, if they manage to unseat Viktor Orban, will aim to govern in a coalition. They intend to field joint candidates in all 106 constituencies, establish a joint programme and govern together if they succeed. The Hungarian Parliament has affirmed that it will withhold its consent for the EU's COVID-19 recovery plan if a proposal to link the bloc's funds to rule-of-law criteria is not first finalized to its liking. Hungary threatening to withhold its agreement could prevent the bloc from launching the fund.
Moreover, thirteen of Europe’s centre-right political leaders have asked Donald Tusk, the president of the conservative European People’s Party (EPP), to expel Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orbán’s Fidesz Party from its ranks.
Fidesz Lawmaker Ferenc Koncz died in a road accident last month and the party nominated Zsófia Koncz, the daughter of lawmaker, for the by-election in the Tiszaújváros-Szerencs constituency. The National Election Committee has set the date for the election to October 11th in the Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County Constituency VI. Opposition parties plan to field a single candidate against Zsófia Koncz, but negotiations are still underway. Securing a win in the constituency is a top priority for the governing parties as technically their two-thirds majority of 133 MPs depend on it.