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Hungary

The political status in Hungary

Hungary has closed its borders to non-residents from 1 September to stymie the spread of COVID-19. Gergely Gulyás, Viktor Orbán’s cabinet chief, said during a press release that foreign citizens will no longer be allowed to enter the territory of Hungary and that Hungarian citizens returning from abroad must quarantine for 14 days or must present two negative tests, which they must pay for themselves. The decision drew some criticism from the European Union and the European Commission warned that border closure is not an efficient measure to fight the pandemic.

In the past weeks, opposition parties have openly accused Orbán of steering Hungary toward authoritarianism and away from mainstream democratic and European Union values. Orbán has won three consecutive landslides since 2010, partly due to election rule changes he oversaw. For this reason, six main opposition parties will form an alliance for the 2022 election and, if they manage to unseat Viktor Orban, will aim to govern in a coalition. They intend to field joint candidates in all 106 constituencies, establish a joint programme and govern together if they succeed. The Hungarian Parliament has affirmed that it will withhold its consent for the EU's COVID-19 recovery plan if a proposal to link the bloc's funds to rule-of-law criteria is not first finalized to its liking. Hungary threatening to withhold its agreement could prevent the bloc from launching the fund.

Moreover, thirteen of Europe’s centre-right political leaders have asked Donald Tusk, the president of the conservative European People’s Party (EPP), to expel Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orbán’s Fidesz Party from its ranks.
 

Fidesz Lawmaker Ferenc Koncz died in a road accident last month and the party nominated Zsófia Koncz, the daughter of lawmaker, for the by-election in the Tiszaújváros-Szerencs constituency. The National Election Committee has set the date for the election to October 11th in the Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County Constituency VI. Opposition parties plan to field a single candidate against Zsófia Koncz, but negotiations are still underway. Securing a win in the constituency is a top priority for the governing parties as technically their two-thirds majority of 133 MPs depend on it.

Overview

Hungary
Population9.772.756
Last EU PresidencyJan-Jun 2011
Prime MinisterViktor Orbán
Assumed office29 May 2010
Next electionSpring 2022
Next EU PresidencyJul-Dec 2024
Type of parliamentUnicameral
Parliament Seating Total199
Government132
Fidesz115
Christian Democratic People‘s Party17
Opposition65
Hungarian Socialist Party15
Movement for a Better Hungary16
Dialogue for Hungary5
Independents14
Democratic Coalition9
Greens6
Supported by1
German Minority1

Latest RPP Articles about Hungary

Hungarian municipal elections 2019

Hungarian municipal elections 2019

All elections

CountryNext election ▾Total SeatsParliament Seating
Bulgaria Spring 2021 240
122Government
95GERB
27United Patriots
118Opposition
80Bulgarian Socialist Party
26Movement for Rights and Freedom
12Volya
Hungary Spring 2022 199
132Government
115Fidesz
17Christian Democratic People‘s Party
65Opposition
15Hungarian Socialist Party
16Movement for a Better Hungary
5Dialogue for Hungary
14Independents
9Democratic Coalition
6Greens
1Supported by
1German Minority
Germany Autumn 2021 709
398Government
200Christian Democratic Union of Germany
46Christian Social Union in Bavaria
152Social Democratic Party of Germany
311Opposition
89Alternative for Germany
80Free Democratic Party
69The Left
67The Greens
6Non-inscrits
Czech Republic No later than 16 October 2021 200
93Government
78ANO
15Czech Social Democratic Party
122Opposition
25Civic Democratic Party
22Czech Pirate Party
22Freedom and Direct Democracy
15Supported by
15The Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia
Croatia 2024 151
76Government
66Croatian Democratic Union
1Croatian People's Party
1Reformists
8National minority MPs
75Opposition
41Restart Coalition
8Bridge of Independent Lists
16Nationalist parties
7Green-Left
3Pametno
Austria 2024 183
97Government
71Austrian People's Party
26Green Party
86Opposition
40Social Democratic Party
15New Austria and Liberal Forum
Cyprus May 2021 56
21Government
18Democratic Rally
3Solidarity Movement
35Opposition
16Progressive Party of Working People
9Democratic Party
3Movement for Social Democracy
3Solidarity Movement
2Movement of Ecologists – Citizens’ Cooperation
2National Popular Front
3Citizens' Alliance
Estonia By March 2023 101
57Government
26Estonian Centre Party
19Conservative People's Party
12Isamaa
44Opposition
34Estonian Reform Party
10Social Democratic Party
Finland April 2023 200
116Government
40Social Democratic Party
20Green League
31Centre Party
16Left Alliance
9Swedish People's Party
84Opposition
39Finns Party
1Aland Coalition
5Cristian Democrats
1Movement Now
38National Coalition Party
France April 2022 577
349Government
280La République En Marche
227Opposition
104The Republicans
19UDI and Independents
29Socialists
17France Insoumise
15Democratic and Republican Left
12Not registered
18Liberties and Territories
55Confidence-and-supply
46Democratic Movement
9Agir
Greece 2023 300
158Government
158New Democracy
142Opposition
86SYRIZA
22Movement for Change
15Communist Party
10Greek Solution
9MeRA 25
Italy Spring 2023 630
334Government
199Five Star Movement
90Democratic Party
31Italia Viva
11Free and Equal
3Associative Movement Italians Abroad
0Opposition
20Supporting group
20Mixed group
276Opposition
127Lega
94Forza Italia
33Brothers of Italy
22Mixed
Luxembourg 2023 60
31Government
12Democratic Party
10Luxembourg Socialist Worker's Party
9The Greens
29Opposition
21Christian Social People's Party
4Alternative Democratic Reform Party
2The Left
2Pirate Party Luxembourg
Malta 2022 67
37Government
37Labour Party
30Opposition
28Nationalist Party
2Independent Democrats
Lithuania 11 October 2020 141
68Government
49Farmers and Greens
11Social Democratic Labour Party
8Electoral Action of Poles - Christian Families Alliance
55Opposition
36Homeland Union-Lithuanian Christian Democrat
10Liberals Movement of the Republic of Lithuania
9Social Democratic Party of Lithuania
17Non-affiliated
5Independents
5Labour Party
3Freedom and Justice
2Christian Union
1Freedom Party
Netherlands 17 March 2021 150
75Government
32People's Party for Freedom and Democracy
19Christian Democratic Appeal
19Democrats
5Christian Union
75Opposition
20Party for Freedom
14GroenLinks
14Socialist Party
9Labour Party
4Party for the Animals
350PLUS
3Reformed Political Party
3Denk
2Forum for Democracy
Slovenia 2022 90
0Government
0Opposition
90Parties
25Slovenia Democratic Party
13List of Marjan Sarec
10Social Democrats
10Modern Centre Party
9Left
7New Slovenia
5Party of Alenka Bratusek
5Democratic Party of Pensioners
4Slovenian National Party
Sweden 2022 349
349TBA
Latvia 2022 100
58Government
15New Conservative Party
13Development/For!
12National Alliance
10To Whom Does the Country Belong?
8Unity
38Opposition
22Harmony
10Union of Greens and Farmers
4Independents
4Supporting group
4Independents
Denmark 2023 179
48Government
48Social Democrats
37Supported by
16Social Liberal Party
14Socialist People's Party
13Red-Green Alliance
43Opposition
43Venstre
41Other Opposition
16Danish People's Party
12Conservative People's Party
5The Alternative
4Liberal Alliance
4The New Right
Romania 2023 136
80Government
69Social Democrats
11ALDE
9Government support
9Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania
47Opposition
27National Liberal Party
13Save Romania Union
6People's Movement Party
Portugal Period of Government Formation 230
108Government
108Socialist Party
31Confidence and support
19Left Bloc
12Portuguese Communist Party
91Opposition
79Social Democratic Party
5People's Party
4People-Animals-Nature
1CHEGA
1Liberal Initiative
1Independent
Poland November 2023 460
235Government
235Law and Justice
225Opposition
138Civic Platform
42Kukiz
28Modern
16Polish People’s Party
1German Minority Electoral Committee
Spain November 2023 350
155Government
120Spanish Socialist Workers Party
35Unidas Podemos-IU
30Confidence and Supply
13Catalan Republican Left
6Nationalist Basque Party
1Compromís
5EH Bildu
1New Canaries
1Galician Nationalist Bloc
1Teruel Exists
2More Country
165Opposition
88People’s Party
10Citizens
52Vox
2Navarrese People’s Union
1Canarian Coalition
8Together for Catalonia
1Cantabrian Regionalist Party
2Popular Unity Candidacy
1Asturias Foro
United Kingdom 2024 650
365Government
365Conservative Party
202Most Loyal Opposition
202Labour Party
82Other opposition
47Scottish National Party
8Democratic Unionist Party
11Liberal Democrats
7Sinn Fein
4Plaid Cymru
1Green Party
4Others
1Non-Voting Member
1Speaker of the House of Commons
Slovakia 2024 150
95Government
53Ordinary People and Independent Personalities
17We Are Family, Freedom and Solidarity
12For the People
13Freedom and Solidarity
55Opposition
38Direction – Social Democracy
17Kotlebists – People's Party Our Slovakia
Ireland 2025 160
84Government
37Fianna Fáil
35Fine Gael
12Green Party
75Opposition
37Sinn Féin
6Labour Party
5Solidarity
6Social Democrats
19Independent
1Aontú
1Right To Change
Belgium Period of Government Formation 150
38Government
14Mouvement Reformateur
12Christen Democratic & Flemish
12Open VLD
112Opposition
25New Flemish Alliance
20Parti Socialiste
9Socialistische Partij Anders
21Ecolo/Groen
5Humanist Democratic Centre
18Flemish Interest
12Workers' Party of Belgium
2DeFI