The political status in Lithuania
Parliamentary elections were held in two rounds, the first being on 11 October and the second being on 25 October, to appoint 141 members to the Seimas. A total of 71 members were appointed in single-mandate constituencies through the two-tier system, whilst the remaining 70 were chosen in multi-mandate constituencies with proportional representation. The Homeland Union-Lithuanian Christian Democrats (TS-LKD) took the lead in election results, declaring victory over the former governing party, Lithuanian Farmers and Greens Union (LVŽS), with a total of 50 seats. The latter party, to which the current Prime Minister Saulius Skvernelis belongs to, won 32 seats.
This outcome has signified a shift towards conservative right-wing politics, and TS-LKD, together with prime minister candidate Ingrida Šimonytė, have sought out other parties to consolidate the platform. On 9 November, TS-LKD signed a coalition agreement with the Liberal Movement (LRLS) (who obtained 13 seats) and the Freedom Party (LP) (who secured 11 seats), therefore obtaining a total of 74 out of the 141 seats in parliament.
The key priorities that have been potentially indicated for the coalition include an education revamp, tax cuts and minority rights. The TS-LKD have additionally pledged a continuity in current foreign policy efforts, indicating that the US, Poland and the Baltics will serve as strategic partners. It is worth noting that the left-wing LVŽS will be a strong opposition to the elected party, and have already stated that they will resist any reversals and integrate “traditional values” in their work. On 13 November, the first parliamentary sitting for the Seimas of 2020-2024 will be convened, wherein the decision of the Electoral Commission will be announced and the list of elected parliamentary members will be finalised. Following this, Members of the Seimas would be sworn in.