Bulgaria

Next election:Spring 2021
Next EU Presidency:After 2030

Hungary

Next election:Spring 2022
Next EU Presidency:Jul-Dec 2024

Germany

Next election:Autumn 2021
Next EU Presidency:Current Holders of the EU Presidency

Czech Republic

Next election:No later than 16 October 2021
Next EU Presidency:Jul-Dec 2022

Croatia

Next election:2024
Next EU Presidency:2033

Austria

Next election:2024
Next EU Presidency:2031

Cyprus

Next election:May 2021
Next EU Presidency:Jan-Jun 2026

Estonia

Next election:By March 2023
Next EU Presidency:2030

Finland

Next election:April 2023
Next EU Presidency:2032

France

Next election:April 2022
Next EU Presidency:Jan-Jun 2022

Greece

Next election:2023
Next EU Presidency:Jul-Dec 2027

Italy

Next election:Spring 2023
Next EU Presidency:Jan-Jun 2028

Luxembourg

Next election:2023
Next EU Presidency:Jan-Jun 2029

Malta

Next election:2022
Next EU Presidency:Jul-Dec 2030

Lithuania

Next election:11 October 2020
Next EU Presidency:Jan-Jun 2027

Netherlands

Next election:17 March 2021
Next EU Presidency:Jul-Dec 2029

Slovenia

Next election:2022
Next EU Presidency:Jul-Dec 2021

Sweden

Next election:2022
Next EU Presidency:Jan-Jun 2023

Latvia

Next election:2022
Next EU Presidency:Jul-Dec 2028

Denmark

Next election:2023
Next EU Presidency:Jul-Dec 2025

Romania

Next election:2023
Next EU Presidency:2032

Portugal

Next election:Period of Government Formation
Next EU Presidency:Jan-Jun 2020

Poland

Next election:November 2023
Next EU Presidency:Jan-Jun 2025

Spain

Next election:November 2023
Next EU Presidency:Jul-Dec 2023

Belgium

Next election:2024
Next EU Presidency:Jan-Jun 2024

United Kingdom

Next election:2024
Next EU Presidency:None

Slovakia

Next election:2024
Next EU Presidency:Jan-Jun 2030

Ireland

Next election:2025
Next EU Presidency:Jul-Dec 2026

Next election in

0-12months
1-2years
2-3years
> 3years
Government Formation
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Upcoming elections

CountryNext election ▾Total SeatsParliament Seating
Bulgaria Spring 2021 240
122Government
95GERB
27United Patriots
118Opposition
80Bulgarian Socialist Party
26Movement for Rights and Freedom
12Volya
Hungary Spring 2022 199
132Government
115Fidesz
17Christian Democratic People‘s Party
65Opposition
15Hungarian Socialist Party
16Movement for a Better Hungary
5Dialogue for Hungary
14Independents
9Democratic Coalition
6Greens
1Supported by
1German Minority
Germany Autumn 2021 709
398Government
200Christian Democratic Union of Germany
46Christian Social Union in Bavaria
152Social Democratic Party of Germany
311Opposition
89Alternative for Germany
80Free Democratic Party
69The Left
67The Greens
6Non-inscrits
Czech Republic No later than 16 October 2021 200
93Government
78ANO
15Czech Social Democratic Party
122Opposition
25Civic Democratic Party
22Czech Pirate Party
22Freedom and Direct Democracy
15Supported by
15The Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia
Croatia 2024 151
76Government
66Croatian Democratic Union
1Croatian People's Party
1Reformists
8National minority MPs
75Opposition
41Restart Coalition
8Bridge of Independent Lists
16Nationalist parties
7Green-Left
3Pametno
Austria 2024 183
97Government
71Austrian People's Party
26Green Party
86Opposition
40Social Democratic Party
15New Austria and Liberal Forum
Cyprus May 2021 56
21Government
18Democratic Rally
3Solidarity Movement
35Opposition
16Progressive Party of Working People
9Democratic Party
3Movement for Social Democracy
3Solidarity Movement
2Movement of Ecologists – Citizens’ Cooperation
2National Popular Front
3Citizens' Alliance
Estonia By March 2023 101
57Government
26Estonian Centre Party
19Conservative People's Party
12Isamaa
44Opposition
34Estonian Reform Party
10Social Democratic Party
Finland April 2023 200
116Government
40Social Democratic Party
20Green League
31Centre Party
16Left Alliance
9Swedish People's Party
84Opposition
39Finns Party
1Aland Coalition
5Cristian Democrats
1Movement Now
38National Coalition Party
France April 2022 577
349Government
280La République En Marche
227Opposition
104The Republicans
19UDI and Independents
29Socialists
17France Insoumise
15Democratic and Republican Left
12Not registered
18Liberties and Territories
55Confidence-and-supply
46Democratic Movement
9Agir
Greece 2023 300
158Government
158New Democracy
142Opposition
86SYRIZA
22Movement for Change
15Communist Party
10Greek Solution
9MeRA 25
Italy Spring 2023 630
334Government
199Five Star Movement
90Democratic Party
31Italia Viva
11Free and Equal
3Associative Movement Italians Abroad
0Opposition
20Supporting group
20Mixed group
276Opposition
127Lega
94Forza Italia
33Brothers of Italy
22Mixed
Luxembourg 2023 60
31Government
12Democratic Party
10Luxembourg Socialist Worker's Party
9The Greens
29Opposition
21Christian Social People's Party
4Alternative Democratic Reform Party
2The Left
2Pirate Party Luxembourg
Malta 2022 67
37Government
37Labour Party
30Opposition
28Nationalist Party
2Independent Democrats
Lithuania 11 October 2020 141
68Government
49Farmers and Greens
11Social Democratic Labour Party
8Electoral Action of Poles - Christian Families Alliance
55Opposition
36Homeland Union-Lithuanian Christian Democrat
10Liberals Movement of the Republic of Lithuania
9Social Democratic Party of Lithuania
17Non-affiliated
5Independents
5Labour Party
3Freedom and Justice
2Christian Union
1Freedom Party
Netherlands 17 March 2021 150
75Government
32People's Party for Freedom and Democracy
19Christian Democratic Appeal
19Democrats
5Christian Union
75Opposition
20Party for Freedom
14GroenLinks
14Socialist Party
9Labour Party
4Party for the Animals
350PLUS
3Reformed Political Party
3Denk
2Forum for Democracy